DREAMS project aims at defining the European UTM Aeronautical Information Management operational concept. The scope is to analyse the technical aspects and to propose drone operations in specific environmental scenarios. Technologies and safety impact are analysed to identify possible U-space data service providers and required facilities.
The DREAMS consortium submitted on the 8th of May the Deliverable 3.2 to SESAR JU for comments and reviewing. EuroUSC Italy prepared the document with support and contribution of all the partners of Consortium (IDS – DELFT – TOPVIEW – EUROUSC ESPAÑA).
The first phase of the study carried-on the identification and assessment of U-Space scenarios, in which UAS VLOS and BVLOS operations could be conducted. The study considered the related safety issues and the services that could be provided to Operators. The first phase were aimed at the achievement of the following purposes:
- identification and assessing of specific operational U-Space scenarios and related services;
- analysing of specific operational scenarios and related risk assessment to serve as requirement for definition of U-space system;
- verification of the regulatory compliance of scenarios, in particular, regarding to technical and service providers’ aspects.
The Risk-assessment were implemented with application of two combined methodologies, as follows:
- the SORA Specific Operation Risk Assessment methodology (a tools released by JARUS – Joint Authorities for Rulemaking on Unmanned Aircraft -, for possible influence of RPAS operation for third parties on the ground (Ground-Risk) and Mid-Air Collisions with other manned aircraft (Air-Risk), and
- the EASA Pre-Regulatory Impact Assessment, applied for the evaluation of potential failure conditions within the U-space services proposed in scenarios.
Risk-Assessment provided a set of performance parameters (i.e. transaction time, continuity, availability) applicable to each U-space service and related safety requirements.
The regulatory compliance were assessed on the basis of ICAO and EU regulations, including the draft UAS Regulations proposed by EASA with Opinion 1/2018.
The regulatory compliance assessment underlined possible development of new U-Space services and new Service Providers that might make part in U-Space. The new Service Providers will probably need to be certified by Authorities. The aumont of certifications could overload the Authorities activities. New “actors” like the Qualified Entities, might support the Authorities, if EASA will approve these bodies.
Consequently, regulation might be updated and new rules could be implemented.